Universal Models

-World Health Organization (WHO)
six factors that span the physical and psychological realms of life quality:

  – the physical domain (measures pain, energy and sleep)

  – the psychological domain (measures positive feelings, concentration,   self esteem, body image and negative feelings)

  – the independence domain (measures mobility, activities of daily living,

  medication and work capacity)

  – the social domain (relationships, social support and sexual activity)

  – the environment domain (safety, home, finances, social care, new

  information, leisure, environment, transport)

  – the spiritual domain which has only one factor, spiritual

The cyclical model (security is to the left of health on the wheel)

    based also around six components:

  – health (mental and physical)

  – physical environment (nuisance, visual perception and scenic quality, climate,   pollution)

  – natural resources goods and services (natural resources, goods, social   infrastructure and services)

  – community development (community structure, social networks and

  group relations, political participation)

  – personal development (individual development through recreation, leisure,   through learning)

  – security (personal economic security and standard of living, housing,   administration of justice crime and safety).

 

Greater Holistic Ecosystem Model

  – the bio-ecological subsystem

  – the technological/architectural subsystem

  – the human perceptual/ behavioral subsystem.

 

 Well Being

predictors of well-being

  – self-esteem

  – feeling in control of one’s life

  – optimism

  – extraversion

  – supportive friendships

  – a satisfying love life

  – challenging work

  -a framework in which one’s life makes sense

All factors weighted to sum overall life satisfaction.

Maslow (1954) Hierarchy of Needs

  Objective:

  physiological

  safety

   Subjective:

  love and belonging

  esteem

  self actualization

 

  Almost all needs models have physiological needs as the foundation, because thoughts on world peace are hard to digest when the stomach is empty.